Messaging service

Messaging service supporting other central services

What is it?

The EGI Messaging Service is powered by ARGO Messaging Service (AMS), a real-time messaging service that allows the user to send and receive messages between independent applications.

It’s a Publish/Subscribe Service implementing the Google PubSub protocol and providing an HTTP API that enables Users/Systems to implement message oriented service using the Publish/Subscribe Model over plain HTTP.

This central service is used by other EGI central services in order to exchange messages, like for sending information about accounting or resources available at a cloud site. More specifically, the services that use the Messaging service are:

  • AAI Federation Registry: uses the service to exchange information among the different components (examples: SimpleSamlPHP, MITREid, Keycloak).
  • Operations Portal: reads the alarms from predefined topics, stores them in a database and displays them in the operations portal.
  • Accounting: uses the service as a transport layer for collecting accounting data from the sites. The accounting information is gathered from different collectors into a central accounting repository where it is processed to generate statistical summaries that are available through the EGI Accounting Portal.
  • FedCloud: used the service as a transport layer for the cloud information system. It makes use of the ams-authN. The entry point for users, topics and subscriptions is the Configuration Database.
  • ARGO Availability and Reliability Monitoring Service: It uses the service to send the messages from the monitoring engine to other components.


  • Ease of use: it supports an HTTP API and a python library so as to easily integrate with the service.
  • Push Delivery: the service instantly pushes asynchronous event notifications when messages are published to the message topic. Subscribers are notified when a message is available.
  • Replay messages: replay messages that have been acknowledged by seeking a timestamp.
  • Schema Support: on demand mechanism that enables a) the definition of the expected payload schema, b) the definition of the expected set of attributes and values and c) the validation for each message if the requirements are met and immediately notify the client.
  • Replicate messages on multiple topics: Republisher script that consumes and publishes messages for specific topics (e.g. sites).

It supports both push and pull message delivery. In push delivery, the Messaging Service initiates requests to the subscriber application to deliver messages. In pull delivery, the subscription application initiates requests to the server to retrieve messages.

Apart from the main service a number of valuable components are also supported. These components are extensively used by the connected services.

  • Argo-ams-library: a simple library written in python to interact with the ARGO Messaging Service.
  • Argo-AuthN: Argo-authN is a new Authentication Service. This service provides the ability to different services to use alternative authentication mechanisms without having to store additional user info or implement new functionalities. The authentication service holds various information about a service’s users, hosts, API URLs, etc, and leverages them to provide its functionality.
  • AMS Metrics: Metrics about the service


Instead of focusing on a single Messaging service specification for handling the logic of publishing/subscribing to the broker network, the service focuses on creating nodes of Publishers and Subscribers as a Service. In the Publish/Subscribe paradigm, Publishers are users/systems that can send messages to named-channels called Topics. Subscribers are users/systems that create Subscriptions to specific topics and receive messages.

As shown in Figure below, the current deployment of messaging service comprises a haproxy server, which acts as a load balancer for the 3 AMS servers running in the backend.

Overview of the messaging service architecture

Using the Messaging Service

Next topics:
Service information

Technical details of Messaging Service